First Aid Boxes

Self Treatment of Common Illnesses and Accidentsstethoscope

Back Pain

Most people will have low back pain at some time in their lives, and the vast majority will recover with little or no treatment within six weeks. Usually arising from the discs, joints of the spine, muscles or ligaments, the pain is described as ‘mechanical’. This type of pain is commonest between the ages of […more]

Burns

Treating minor burns To treat superficial (minor) burns at home, follow the advice below. Cool the skin with running cool or tepid water for at least 10 minutes, ideally within 20 minutes of the injury happening. This will prevent the burn getting worse. Do not use ice, iced water, creams, or greasy substances (such as […more]

Chickenpox

Chickenpox blisters are usually less than a quarter of an inch wide, have a reddish base, and appear in bouts over 2 to 4 days. The rash may be more extensive or severe in kids who have skin disorders such as eczema. Some children have: a fever abdominal pain sore throat headache or a vague […more]

Child with a Temperature

Infections and teething are the main causes of children’s temperatures.  Most infections are mild and are growing up and gaining resistance to germs.  They are usually caused by viruses so they do NOT need antibiotics (these only help bacterial infections). The following advice should help: Keep a supply of paracetamol medicine, such as Calpol or […more]

Colds, Sore Throats, Stomach Aches

Colds Even in this day and age there is still no magic cure for the common cold. Go to bed, take plenty of drinks. It is probably best to stay at home to avoid spreading your cold to others. Take it easy and rest if possible. Keep warm, and keep the atmosphere moist. Drink plenty […more]

Dental Emergencies

Consult your dentist for regular check ups. Dental problems are the province of dentists not doctors, and they can prescribe both antibiotics and painkillers, just as doctors do.  Once you have registered at a dental practice, there should be an out of hours dental emergency service available with him/her. Holiday makers and people not registered […more]

Diarrhoea and Vomiting

Children Many babies have diarrhoea and vomiting 3 times a year. Most vomiting gets better within 3 days and diarrhoea within a week, but 2 weeks is possible. Medication is rarely of any benefit. Give small amount of fluids often, even to a child who is vomiting. Avoid fruit juices and carbonated drinks. In severe […more]

Insect Bites and Stings

If you are stung by a wasp, bee, hornet, etc, then scrape out the sting as quickly as possible. Do not pluck it out as this may squeeze more venom into the skin. In most cases the sting causes pain and slight swelling, but has little other effect. Some people are allergic to stings and […more]

Minor Cuts, Grazes and Sprains

Minor Cuts and Grazes Wash and clean the wound thoroughly with soapy water.  To stop bleeding, apply a clean handkerchief or dressing and press firmly on the wound for five minutes.  Do not apply any kid of tourniquet to the affected limb or finger.  Cover with a clean dry dressing. Sprains Remember RICE: Rest Ice […more]

Nosebleeds

If you are having a nosebleed you should: sit down and firmly pinch the soft part of your nasal cavity, just above your nostrils, together for 10 minutes lean forward and breathe through your mouth leaning forward drains the blood down your nose instead of down the back of your throat maintain the pressure on […more]

Signs and Symptoms of Meningitis

Meningitis is extremely rare, however if you are worried seek advice from your doctor. Bacterial meningitis Bacterial meningitis is very serious. In babies and young children, death can occur in a matter of hours if left untreated. In some cases, the acute illness subsides into a chronic state, which may lead to serious brain damage. […more]

Sunburn

What to do if you are suffering from sunburn If you or your child has sunburn, you should get out of the sun as soon as possible – head indoors or into a shady area. You can usually treat mild sunburn at home, although there are some circumstances where you should seek medical advice (see below). The […more]

Worms

Threadworm is a common problem for pre school children, and occasionally older children and adults.  It is spread by hand to mouth contact in the same way as a tummy bug.  The worms are often noticed as little cotton thread like tiny worms in the person’s motions.  Sometimes the person make wake in the night […more]